1. Make learning fun for both you and your dog. Spend 10 minutes 2 or 3 times daily. The training sessions should be separated by 4 hours for maximum efficiency of learning. Normal dogs of any age can learn if you use patience, praise, and rewards.
2. Train your dog to come, sit, stay, down, and down-stay off the leash, and to heel on the leash, in this order. Be progressively more demanding. If he fails at any level, stop, don't reward, and start again at a simpler command. You will find that your dog's motivation to perform decreases as the complexity of the task increases. Make learning fun!
3. Use one word commands. Do not combine them with your dog's name, which should only be used to get his attention. It is easy to talk too much to your dog. If you do, the command you are trying to teach gets lost in all the verbiage. This is a common mistake made by beginner dog trainers.
4. Train your dog in a quiet environment with few distractions. Once the response is learned there, move the training location to progressively more complex and stimulating environments. Your dog will have to be trained in each environment that you wish him to respond in. You may start in the basement, move to the kitchen, backyard, street, plaza, beach, etc. If he fails at any level, go back to the previous level.
5. Appropriate responses should be rewarded within ½ second of the command. If you tell your dog to come, and he walks across the yard, give the command "come" again, just before you reward him. This will ensure that he associates the command with the reward.
6. Your dog will learn most rapidly if every desired response is rewarded. Once the behavior is established, reward it intermittently. This will make the response more permanent, and less likely to be forgotten.
7. Use valued rewards. Find out what your dog likes most (food, touch, voice, praise) and use that reward most frequently in the beginning. As the training progresses, mix up the type of reward given.
8. Once your dog knows the commands, you can start giving them in a quieter voice. Gradually decrease the loudness of your commands, rewarding the dog for the appropriate response.
9. Once your dog knows the commands from one person, have other members of the family train him to respond to them. If your dog knows the commands well, this should not take long.
10. How quickly and enthusiastically your dog responds is a function of the intensity of the training. If your dog responds only when he feels like it, start training again using these rules.
11. The longer an unwanted, learned behavior has been performed the longer it takes to recondition.
12. Punishment does not work! The opposite of a reward is no reward, not punishment. Punishment is defined as any stimuli that causes pain or excitement. Punishment may frighten or excite your dog, which reduces his ability to learn. One can and should give negative directives such as NO in a deep voice. If the dog is performing some unwanted behavior, ignore it, or instead, call the dog to you, tell him to sit, and reward him for doing so. Both rewards and negatives must be given within ½ second of the event to be effective. Your dog wants to please you, and if he can do something and be rewarded for it, he will. If you totally ignore unwanted behavior, the dog will not be rewarded for performing it, and it will eventually stop. If the dog has learned that he will get attention when he performs the behavior, the activity will increase in frequency and intensity.